A Literature Review Examining the Barriers to the Implementation of Family Witnessed Resuscitation

Johnson, C. International Emergency Nursing. Published online: November 9, 2016


  • Care provided during death significantly impacts the family’s grieving process.
  • All resuscitation efforts can be a successful if healthy grieving is promoted.
  • FWR remains highly controversial and rarely adopted in practice.
  • Numerous professional bodies call for the practice of FWR.
  • FWR can diminish doubt that all was done that could be during resuscitation events.

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Focusing on Families in the Emergency Department

Brysiewicz, P. & Emmamally, W. International Emergency Nursing | Published online: 11 August 2016

family-469580_960_720The focus on the family has increased steadily over the past three decades. Family care is grounded in caring for the family as a unit when a member of the family becomes ill, and is based on the premise that illness and health of an individual family member affects the family as a whole. Traditionally, a family was defined as individuals who share a biological bond with each other (Kaakinen, Gedaly- Duff, Coehlo & Hanson, 2010). Rosland (2009) identified the modern family as two or more individuals who share a relationship of significance in some way, be it biological, legal or emotional and concluded that family is defined as perceived by family members themselves – that is, the family is who the patient says they are.

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